burn

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
v. oxidize, consume; blaze, flame; fire; sear, char, scorch; destroy. See heat, desire, excitability.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
Syn. blister, scorch, scald, wound, impairment, trauma, first-degree burn, second-degree burn, third-degree burn, sunburn, windburn, reddening; see also blister , injury 1 .
v.
1. [To oxidize]
Syn. be on fire, catch on fire, consume, combust, burn up, burn down, incinerate, rage, blaze, flame, flash, glow, burn fiercely, flare, blaze up, flame up, flare up, burst into flame, grow bright, turn to ashes, smolder, smoke.
2. [To subject to fire]
Syn. set on fire, ignite, light, kindle, incinerate, enkindle, cremate, relight, conflagrate, consume with flames, rekindle, reduce to ashes, set a match to, set ablaze, set afire, torch, sear, singe, scorch, brand, char, cauterize, roast, toast, heat, bake, brown, blacken, overcook, carbonize, fire, consign to the flame; see also cook .
Ant. extinguish*, put out, quench.
3. [To feel emotion suggestive of fire]
Syn. tingle, lust, deSire, yearn, thirst, be excited, be inflamed, be aroused, be stirred up, breathe fire and fury*; see also rage 1 .
4. [To feel or cause to feel a burning sensation]
Syn. smart, sting, bite, throb; see hurt 1 , 4 .
5. [*To cheat]
Syn. swindle, defraud, trick, rob; see deceive .
6. [To scorch]
Syn. char, sear, roast, toast, parch, bake, singe, scald, wither; see also sense 2.
Syn.- burn is the broadest term in this comParison, denoting injury to any extent by fire or something with the effect of fire, as intense heat, friction, or acid [ a burnt log, sun burned , wind burned] ; scorch and singe both imply superficial burning, scorch emphasizing discoloration or damaging of texture [ to scorch a shirt in ironing ] , and singe , the burning off, often intentional, of bristles, feathers, the ends of hair, etc.; sear implies the burning of animal tissue and is applied specifically to the quick browning of the outside of meat in cooking to seal in the juices [ to sear a roast ] ; char implies a reduction by burning to charcoal or carbon: all of these terms have figurative applications [ a burning deSire, a scorching tirade, a singed reputation, a soul- searing experience, charred hopes ]
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) v.
1. be on fire or set fire incinerate, ignite, torch, blaze, flame, light, smolder, kindle, reduce to ashes, rage, go up in smoke, consume, cremate, deflagrate, combust, singe, sear, broil, char, scorch, brand, cauterize.
2. consume use up, expend, squander.
3. cheat swindle, bilk, take, *rip off.
ANT.:1. extinguish, quench. 2. conserve, save.
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I verb 1. To undergo combustion: blaze1, combust, flame, flare. See HOT. 2. To undergo or cause to undergo damage by or as if by fire: char, scorch, sear, singe. See HOT. 3. To emit a bright light: beam, blaze1, gleam, glow, incandesce, radiate, shine. See LIGHT. 4. To feel or look hot: bake, broil1, roast, swelter. See HOT. 5. To feel or cause to feel a sensation of heat or discomfort: bite, smart, sting. See PAIN. 6. To cause to become sore or inflamed: inflame, irritate, sting. See HELP. 7. To cause to feel or show anger. Also used with up: anger, enrage, incense1, infuriate, madden, provoke. Idioms: make one hot under the collar, make one's blood boil, put one's back up. See FEELINGS. 8. To be or become angry: anger, blow up, boil over, bristle, explode, flare up, foam, fume, rage, seethe. Informal: steam. Idioms: blow a fuse, blow a gasket, blow one's stack (or top), breathe fire, fly off the handle, get hot under the collar, hit the ceiling (or roof), lose one's temper, see red. See FEELINGS. 9. To be in a state of emotional or mental turmoil: boil, bubble, churn, ferment, seethe, simmer, smolder. See CALM. II noun Damage or a damaged substance that results from burning: char, scorch, sear, singe. See HOT.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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